Help us co-create OECD Forum 2018

Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch
Dec 22, 2017
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Dear Members of the Forum Network,

Over the past few months since we created this online space to provide you with the opportunity to continue to build on and engage around the questions, ideas, issues, proposals and calls to action that emerged offline at the Forum this summer, we have been listening to you. We’ve discovered new insights into issues we’re familiar with and been exposed to fresh new horizons. It’s been an exciting and thought-provoking process, thanks to you and your contributions.

As we prepare for next year’s OECD Forum, on 29-30 May 2018, in Paris, we would like you to help us co-create the agenda.

Building on last year’s theme, Bridging Divides, we suggest OECD Forum 2018 focuses on exploring What Unites Us, moving from diagnosis to action, and shaping solutions to build the much-needed bridges:

  • We welcome your ideas to help address inequalities of income and wealth, to help improve diversity, promote gender equality, ensure migrants’ integration, foster intergenerational equity, and stimulate entrepreneurship.
  • What are the key policies and initiatives you feel could contribute to ensuring better access to education, employment, healthcare and housing?

To bridge the gap between most policy frameworks designed in an analogue world and the era of digitalisation:

  • How do you think we should address the impact of digitalisation on society and politics?
  • What are the key issues we should address with respect to privacy, cyber-security, trust, and consumer policy?
  • As the OECD develops a new strategy on the future of work and jobs, how can we address the ramifications of the platform and gig economy and the emergence of a start-up age?
  • What are the key issues we should consider with respect to the implications of artificial intelligence for society and human progress?

In reimagining International Co-operation for the 21st century, we plan to explore the importance of multi-stakeholder processes to create the momentum needed to address global challenges, and how they can be fully and properly integrated into reformed structures of international co-operation:

  • Should we formally integrate the implementing actors of International Co-operation processes alongside standard-setters or traditional State actors? And if so, how best to do so?
  • How can all actors join forces to address inherently global issues in relation to digitalisation, development and climate change?
  • How can such coalitions of the willing consolidate international standards on taxation, responsible business conduct and anti-bribery compliance?

The Forum will also be a space to reflect on the complexity of making and shaping policy in a post-truth world, and identify opportunities for civic engagement and co-creation with citizens:

  • Which issues do you feel will shape citizen engagement in the digital age?
  • What can institutions like the OECD do to help rebuild citizens’ trust in a post-truth era?

With the Forum Network your knowledge and ideas can go further. Help us define the contours of a compelling OECD Forum 2018 agenda and be part of an exciting global community, where interaction, sharing and co-creating better policies are our raison d’être.

Thank you for helping us shape ideas, shape policy, and shape the future.

Join the Forum Network and please comment in the box below!

                                            


Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch

Anthony Gooch

Director, Public Affairs and Communications, OECD

17 Comments

Go to the profile of Karim Bennaziz Houmane

I believe that we should start thinking about creating more space or margins in policies in order to allow organisations (corporations; institutions, countries etc) to be able to spot, identify in advance emerging turbulences or events that are shaping our future. This may help in transforming  companies, institutions  etc. into more agile bodies when facing the complexity of change in a rapidly changing environment.   

One key element to this is the training of leaders, politicians, economists in leveraging more the dynamics of human organisations in time of change rather than forcing human organisations to fit into policies and procedures with the sole focus of complying with these set of rules. 

However, this does not suggest to ban all policies but rather to create encouraging guidelines that promote innovation and agility in order to be able to adapt and lever rapid to change for the better. 

Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch
Anthony Gooch 10 days ago

Thanks Karim. We will bear this in mind

Go to the profile of Paul Gibbon
Paul Gibbon 20 days ago

People powered private public projects - promoting peace, prosperity and planet

Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch
Anthony Gooch 10 days ago

Thanks. To the point! HNY.

Go to the profile of Baiju Khanchandani
Baiju Khanchandani 20 days ago

The advancement of the digital age has paid an efficiency dividend and created new jobs while displacing others. The dark cloud on the horizon is automation and Artificial Intelligence.  Humans in some sectors fear losing their jobs to robots and software even as re-shoring gathers pace and outsourcing slows.  In the blur of technological advancement the law of diminishing returns is revealing itself in some sectors, particularly health. There is a limit to the benefits of increased numbers MRI scanners in the population.  It is time to examine how processes such as Lean and new and emerging knowledge based professions such as chiropractic can be bring efficiency and improved health outcomes.

Health forms 10-18% of advanced economies and is a major employer in a sector dear to people.    Prevention is a core plank of health policy - but OECD data shows that, depending on the measure, barely a fraction of healthcare spending is on prevention. It is time to look at how a focus on knowledge based professions can return to centre stage, and how new and emerging health professions can enrich the health workforce skill set in areas such as prevention and performance to face the demographic challenge of an age-ing population.

An idea for the OECD Forum agenda item is to examine how the health economic sector can shift its focus towards new and emerging knowledge based professions, with hands-on skills, competence in areas of prevention and health promotion, particularly in un-exotic areas such as the care and prevention of musculoskeletal disorders such as low back pain - ranked as top causes of disability by the Global Burden of Disease. An examination of the workforce sector would look at barriers to entry, regulation, competition and other issues touched upon in the OECD document, Enhancing Beneficial Competition in Health Professions. 

Another area to examine is how best practice and knowledge from other economic sectors such as Lean processes can be translated to the health sector.  Error rates accepted in the health sector would be considered scandalous in other sectors. 

Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch
Anthony Gooch 10 days ago

Many thanks Baiju

Go to the profile of Peter Kraneveld
Peter Kraneveld 19 days ago

Let me try to take up one of your challenges:

"What can institutions like the OECD do to help rebuild citizens’ trust in a post-truth era?"

The issue

This issue is rooted in the rise of populism on the right and the mistrust of the financial system on the left. Les extrèmes se touchent. The "occupy Wall Street" movement, with its offshoot in other cities, notable Frankfurt, has more in common with populism than with mainstream politics. Both movements are not about how to do things, but about how to change them. Radically. Both reject vested interests, whether they are those of the "financial products" salesman or those of the mainstream politician. Almost as an extension of those thoughts, both mistrust science, research and accepted knowledge. Both address real problems, the rise of the salesman over the administrator in the financial sector and the decreasing trust in the future and the future of the children of traditional lower middle-income families.

This state of mind creates a closed system. As long as one believes (in a religious sense) in all the basic rules, the other rules follow logically. This is not different from other closed systems. Closed systems are not necessarily useless. Mathematics is a very useful closed system. However, if one violates one of its basic rules, e.g. by dividing by zero, the whole system collapses. Thereby, the system creates its own, unassailable logic for true believers, while that same logic seems utterly ridiculous to non-believers. The system also creates its own world, where true believers interpret facts and events from their particular point of view, reaching conclusions that are logical for the true believers and nonsense to non-believers. Therefore, true believers do not accept the facts, interpretations and conclusions of non-believers and vice versa. The realities of true believers and non-believers drift apart.

Re-building trust

The classical way to build trust is to have facts stated by experts in such a way that the target group understands the facts and their consequences. This method will still work with agnostics, those who seek facts with an open mind. In the present political climate, this has become an endangered group. Another group, the committed, seeks opinions that resonate with their own opinions. They will drift outside the realm of their convictions, but are more likely to reject interpretations that do not conform with their opinions than accept them. This group is vital for rebuilding trust. A third group consists of true believers. Their opinions have hardened into convictions. They are not interested in anything that does not conform to the rules and conclusions within their own world. They will reject expertise out of hand. They cannot be reached by arguments, they expect to be ridiculed, yet isolating them will only drive them further away from reality and change their attitude.

To re-build trust, expertise has to win over the middle group. In order to do this, expertise needs to understand the motives of this group, rather than what they are saying. By changing the factors that drive the thinking of the middle group, expertise can convince the group to accept change in their reasoning and conclusions.

It seems reasonable to accept as hypothesis that the principal motivation for distrust of experts include:

• Perception of hopelessness in the face of stagnating income and unemployment while business recovers
• Expectation that children will be worse off than parents
• Banks retreating from social tasks, including cash distribution, mortgages and omnipresent branch offices
• Destructive and abusive behaviour of some financial institutions laid bare by the 2008 crisis
• Bail-out of financial institutions by tax payers

The underlying reason for these motivations can be summed up as short-termism (promoting profits over stability; sales over risk management) and an increasingly skewed distribution of income.

The role of the OECD

OECD is part of expertise and knowledge. Therefore it is suspect in the eyes of the committed. Its role as inter-governmental institution makes it a natural ally of the agnostics. In that role, it cannot help rebuild trust, though. If indeed the OECD wants to help rebuild trust, it must aim at the committed instead and work to make OECD member governments aware of the basic reasons for the lack of trust. A few action items come to mind immediately. One class promotes long-term investing. Since governments are active players on the demand side of long-term capital markets, they have direct side benefits for OCD member governments.

• Advising on measures against publication and use of quarterly business results
• Advocating bonuses calculated over a number of years
• Investigating ways to reward long-term shareholding
• Criticising supervision rules that inhibit long-term investing
• Criticising supervision calculations that inhibit investing in illiquid assets
• Adding a mandate to protect market quality to supervisory institutions’ instructions

Another class of action items would promote a better division of income. Re-distributing income is a classical role of the government. It is easy to show mathematically that such action would favour economic growth, even taking into account that this runs counter to some political dogmas. Moreover, this sort of action can be underpinned by the gist of Thomas Pikkety’s influential book Capital in the Twenty-First Century (2013). Advice and action could cover:

• At a minimum, not worsening tax progression
• Identifying and mitigating financial regression e.g. in pensions and bonuses
• Action on the cost of education
• (Re-)introduction of deductibility of the cost of credit on the same footing as income from investment
• Building up financial advice capacity at a moderate price
• Modernising systems that combat poverty and cover medical cost
• A web page on the Gini curves and ratios and tax progression of OECD members analogous to the OECD’s “better life index”

Go to the profile of Anthony Gooch
Anthony Gooch 10 days ago

Peter: thanks for these thoughtful comments. Pushing for an emphasis on long-term investment has been an issue of priority for OECD since we began to learn the lessons of the Global Financial Crisis beginning in 2008. We have worked hard on this issue in the context of the G20 process. But looking carefully at what has really changed is necessary.

We take good note of your comments on income distribution which is an important though not exclusive plank of the push for Inclusive Growth.

Go to the profile of Victor Junior Godinez V.

Dear Mr. Anthony Gooch,

I think that will be the moment when the OECD by your Leadership and Mr. Gurria too, make a more "agressive" stimulus to all the OECD members in order to open the doors to the innovation process with "Sense of Urgency" , because the "Geopolitics"  can defeat the "Geoeconomics" and with more inclusive management to empower womens who have been showing an example of loyalty and ought but at every moment they need the "strategical leadership" of a men who support them. If we take in consideration the founder principles of our cultural civilization -no religiuos- Occidental vision had been construct around the family. The "sexeconomics" will be erradicated.

More inclusive devolopment only can be support with education, and the IT plataforms still the way, but we know how difficult have been this change, more even in generations who suffering the "social pain" and today more and more people suffer "technological stress". -The uncertainity promotes more stress and affect Decision-Making process, according to the next sources, will be act now :

The Economist Intelligence Unit special report : Industries 2018 The global economy in 2018 :

"The global economy in 2018 :The global economy has been at its healthiest
for some time in 2017, but thiswill prove a fleeting state.
Inflation will pick up and central banks will begin
to tighten somewhat more aggressively. The European Central Bank (ECB)
will start to taper its quantitative easing in 2018. Moreover, political risk
is at its highest level for years: there is long-term policy uncertainty in the
US, little clarity on Brexit negotiations in the EU, and North Korea is flexing
its muscles. Global GDP growth will thus tail off slightly in 2018, to 2.7% at
market exchange rates.

 The non-OECD world will manage to grow by 4.4%, while the expansion among OECD countries will slow gently to 2%."

European Strategy and Police Analysis System: 

"Three structural `revolutions’ that are forging a more complex and insecure world - economic
and technological, social and democratic, and geopolitical - that the authors believe these trends may bring about, as well as the challenges that they may imply for the European Union.
1) Three revolutions forging a more complex and insecure world


■ An economic and technological revolution: the convergence
of technologies and the proliferation of tools
available to large multitudes will transform economies
and societies. Huge opportunities will result in terms of
productivity, welfare gains and individual empowerment.
However, societal disruptions may include a further rise of
unemployment, increasing inequalities and the impoverishment
of the middle classes in developed countries,
including in Europe.

■ A social and democratic revolution: More empowered
and better connected individuals will be more creative,
more dynamic and less wedded to life-time jobs, but they
will also be more demanding and critical. Evolution such
as this could allow countries to fundamentally rejuvenate
their ‘social contracts’ and to invent new forms of
governance. But it will make it more difficult to design
collective agreements and to shape common approaches
through the traditional structures, such as political parties
or trade unions. Anti-establishment feeling may rise
further, as well as recourse to less traditional and more
local initiatives. Pressure will increase for greater accountability
and transparency at the different levels of
governance.


■ A geopolitical revolution: Asia’s rise looks set to continue
and the roughly two centuries of global dominance by the
European continent and the United States are drawing to
a close. Together with the emergence of other powers in
Africa and Latin America, this will lead to an increasingly
multi-polar world. Globalisation will continue but will be
increasingly driven by new actors with different values.
More confrontational modes between key actors may result."

I will considering  the integration of North-America as one region,  would be a succesful model of Co-operation beetwen 3 OECD members, but if we take Mexico case, a Country with a tremendous disparity and inequiality, with a lack of skilled workers, with the lower rate of productivity and years of education, also a fragmented healthcare system despite the fact that Science and Technology still lost in corruption, the digitalisation process can be the bridge to the change, because Mexico isn´t a poor country. paradojical richer in ignorance towards a wealthy middle-class but without the human capital (under25 years) to make a critic mass, and Demography is destine, but can be the opportunity for young and educated people of Centro-America, India.... 

Office of the  Director of  National Intelligence, Paradox of Progress :

"The North American region will be tested by growing social and political pressures in the next five years, especially if economic growth remains lackluster and fails to generate broader prosperity. With economies ranging from the United States to Dominica, conditions and dynamics vary dramatically, but governments across the region are finding it harder to manage rising public demands for greater economic and social stability at a time when budget constraints and debts are limiting options. Public frustration is high throughout much of the region, because uncertainty about economic conditions and social changes is rising at the same time that trust in most governments is declining.


The health of the US economy will remain the prime variable for the region, given its large size and close links. The US recovery from the 2008 financial crisis has been slower and harder than after previous downturns, and most forecasts expect US economic growth to be modest—probably not strong enough to boost growth across the region—for the next several years. Economists are divided, however, over how long the current recovery might continue. Some, focusing on the current recovery’s seven-year span, warn the US economy already is “overdue” for another recession based on historical averages, while others observe that periods of expansion have been longer—up to 10 years—in recent decades. Whenever the next US recession hits, it will reverberate through the region by reducing US demand for goods and the massive southward flow of remittances.


Even in an increasingly diversified country like Mexico, remittances from the United States, still account for around 2 percent of GDP, and they comprise as much as 20 percent of the economy in Haiti. Central America would be particularly vulnerable, with already struggling economies in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua deriving 10 to 20 percent of their GDP from remittances.
A US economic downturn would also further close a traditional safety valve for desperate people who seek work in the United States as well as reduce the flow of remittances from the United States. The state of the US economy historically also has had a significant impact on Canadian growth patterns because of the large volume of bilateral trade.


Mexico’s economic and social reforms also will probably have muted political impact within the country and region. President Pena Nieto has enacted wide-ranging reforms in key industries—such as oil, communications, and finance—as well as education in an effort to enhance Mexico’s competitiveness, but growth has not increased significantly so far, and public support has soured amid corruption allegations, persistent violence, a weakening peso, and domestic crises such as the disappearance of 43 students at a demonstration in 2014. Major reforms, such as opening Mexico’s oil industry to foreign investment, take time to bear fruit, but antigovernment protests could escalate if the disappointments remain more apparent than the benefits in the next several years.


With presidential elections in 2018 and Pena Nieto limited to one term, voters may lean toward a more leftist opposition that pushes to roll back reforms and trade deals if reforms do not reduce Mexico’s stark economic divide.

Moreover, the success or failure of Mexico’s high-profile reforms might affect the willingness of other countries in the region to take similar political risks"

Thanks very much for this Forum Network:  that will be a source of change under your leadership. Because I am sure that We are more people like me, who have not fear to the impossible. An the only way to things happen are making happen. 

ALL THE BEST,


Go to the profile of ZHAO Hui
ZHAO Hui 9 days ago

With regard to the very wording of "What Unites Us", I believe there must be some better ways to express the very idea------because a singular form is used here instead of a plural one. I believe the significance is not only limited to the linguistic expression. I have the following three reasons.
 

First, the influence of OECD is widely spread, not just confined to its member countries. English is not my mother tongue, and not the official language for some OECD member countries as well. The very wording gives the impression that only one dominant force is out there dominating the landscape and dictating the course of direction and it is supposed to be our job now to figure out the ONE, describe the ONE and eventually get together around the ONE. (To this part, the credit should go to late Professor Edward W. Said, his sense of "Us" versus "the Other", inclusive versus exclusive.)
 

Second, the notion of diversity is important and can never be overemphasized. Even though structurally the U.S. is seating on the very top of the pyramid economically, financially, militarily, and so on, yet its promulgated policies are the outcome of a balanced approach presumably having brought under consideration all the relevant factors and elements (under the catch-all term of diversity), such as the rivaling EU, rising China and confronting Russia. After all, In Varietate Concordia. So, diversity matters.

 

Third, it should be the natural continuation of last year's theme, Bridging Divides. Since there are many forces that divided us, as in 2017, there must be more than one force to unite us in 2018, a sort of synergy of a united front. A wall is made up with bricks, and in order to tear down the wall, we need do it brick by brick, eventually all the bricks, with collective efforts against an accumulation of stuffs------a game of to do and undo. I believe that is the reason why we are here to discuss the process and figure out how.

 

Thank you.

Go to the profile of CARLOS BALLESTEROS
CARLOS BALLESTEROS 8 days ago

Hello everyone. As an academic (professor at a  Business School) I am concerned with the adequate training of the young people who will be the business leaders of tomorrow. University somehow has been accused of being de-linked with social problems. How we can show those students that outside the University's walls there are vulnerable people with concerns, living with difficulties. On the other side social entities and small firms does not trust on University to solve their problems because they consider it to have a theoretic approach.

 Since 5 years ago, I am luckily (and I hope successfully) chairing a service learning initiative where business administration students help social entities with their managerial challenges. I consider it as a good example  of "what unites us". therefore My proposal is to work on appropriate and innovative training methodologies (as e.g. service learning) at universities

Go to the profile of James McQueeny
James McQueeny 7 days ago

The smaller breakaway panels in between the major addresses were often more practical in how policies and practices succeeded or failed.  Its too bad there isn't a way to tape and cull these for inclusion into a latter closing session presentation.   To be sort of "a view from the ground up" roundup for each of those breakaway sessions.  Their quotes could be literally posted on screens with their  names and organizations.   Or, use the brief anecdotal video commentaries snatched from I-Phone/I-pad shot coverage of that Q&A breakout session colloquy.     

Go to the profile of Joaquim Santos
Joaquim Santos 6 days ago

SCIENCE WITH CONSCIOUSNESS


There are two major challenges where teachers and educators today have a preponderant role: the challenge of Demography and the challenge of Technology.


As for the former it is not enough to live long, it is necessary to live with quality. Therefore, we need policies of active aging, because those born today will have a life expectancy of 90 years.


As for the technology challenge, three examples:


1 - In Synthetic Biology there are new species created by science and within a few years we will have nonhuman people;


2 - Cryogenic suspension: there are many people cryo-preserved indefinitely, at a cost of 150 thousand dollars;


3 - We are one step away from being able to transplant a head from one body to another for the first time.


These challenges raise very complex ethical and bioethical problems. Science has no limit, but we have to do it first with Ethical Thinking and then with legal norms to create some order.
 

Freedom is not debauchery - neither in school nor in science. Scientific integrity is decisive because we realize that in this world of commerce, in this wild globalization, there are no rules other than capital and financing.


There are at present no serious rules in the Ethics of World Science. But we need a Science with consciousness - which is not happening. It is very serious that some countries and regions in Europe and in the world are now appealing to their memory and to reviving racial myths.


Science is not an end in itself. For a Plural Ethics and Security we need the efforts of all societies, with a very special emphasis on the role of teachers and educators in this changing world.

 

Joaquim Santos

FNE – UGT-P

Portugal

 

Go to the profile of Rita Mano
Rita Mano 5 days ago

Discussing divides in society necessitates to build a classification of (a) possible areas of work engagement that may be affected by lack of digitalized skills (b) social groups that are possibly more vulnerable to lack of digital skills and (c) possible push / pull factors affecting the acquisition of such skills.

Go to the profile of Eti Rosenberg
Eti Rosenberg 3 days ago

The Oecd should focus on prevention health care. 

Programs to strengthen  the week parts of society should have an emphasis on shifting health care from hospital to community base centers and allow the ptocess of continuation to be full.

The subject of social

Media and digital era is a must and that train has left the station but let’s accompany the digital time with ethics standards. Apps can help patients in measuring signs and monitor health.

Patients should be encouraged to adhere and level up compliance to treatment and health promotion  

Adreesing aging population and building patients involvment of care is essential.

Issues such as post partum  depprasion  and domestic violence are cardinal as well as harassment .

Mother and child development.

I suggest adress gender medicine and genetics as well as fertility for equality 

Go to the profile of Matías Méndez Pérez

Google's director of engineering, Ray Kurzweil, predicts that in the 2030s humans will become hybrids because "our brain will be able to connect directly to the cloud, where there will be thousands of computers and those computers will increase our existing intelligence .
"The brain will connect through nanobots, tiny robots made of strands of DNA. Our thinking will then be a hybrid of biological and non-biological thinking. "
Kurzweil spoke on this topic last Wednesday at the Exponential Finance conference (New York) and also pointed out that by the end of 2040, human thought will be predominantly biological, even humans of that decade will be able to "back up" the information found in the brain.
We are witnessing, in this context, an effervescence of digital technology in the world of education. At the beginning the blogs entered without knocking on the door, then the websites, computers in class, the first applications, digital whiteboards, ipads, pilot centers ...
And we hear affirmations like: "In 20 years the students will not go to school", "The best book is a good computer", "The teacher now takes a secondary role", etc. Given this, the gurus ignore the fact that Silicon Valley managers are taking their children to "traditional schools."

The scheme that I learned in my first years of parent teachers-students has been replaced by iPad-wifi-students. We are facing the dehumanization of education. Our mouths are filled with the fact that our crisis is a crisis of values and we are not only shocked by this reality, but we encourage it.
Our schools have to be leaders in new technologies. But, please, the role of the true teacher, of the accompaniment in the emotional growth of the student, is irreplaceable. Our teenagers are hungry for coherent references. Do not take them off. Combining the two fields today is a miracle. My school has achieved it and that is why I work there.


There is a great affective orphanage among the young people of our days. Not only because more than half of the couples break up, but because the affection in our homes is not expressed, it does not manifest itself and our young people are nostalgic, wandering; They lack something and do not know what it is. I hope they do not end up as the protagonist of the movie HER, falling in love with a computer; We are making it very easy for you.

The great professor D. Juan Luis Lorda says: "the word to educate, to educate, means to draw from within. But it is not removed mechanically as the coal is extracted from the mines. It is taken out by stimulating and guiding, because what wakes up - there is the wonder - is a free being, an autonomous and creative subject by itself; although it still can not be at all, because his wings have taken off.
"The most beautiful thing about the art of educating is to reach the mysterious core of consciousness, the inner harp, get it to come into resonance, vibrate with the values of culture. In this way, each of the spiritual and mysterious dimensions of human persons is developed. "
Therefore, after reading Professor Lorda I propose some actions to play the harp of every human being, or means for the END that we all want:


1. Read Dostoyevsky. 2 Listen to Mozart. 3 Do sport three times during the week. 4 Do not sleep less than eight hours a day. 5 Grow a hobby on a daily basis. 6 Pray. 7 Check the press daily. 8 Listen to the good radio. 9 If you love your work you are privileged, if not, propose it. 10 Travel to a different country every year. 11 Read thirty books a year. 12 He goes to the cinema twenty times a year. 13 There are only two or three real friends, "brothers", forever. Take care of them. 14 Try not to hate anyone. "Cardiological Hygiene". 15 Marry your "partner for life", not with a "physical". 16 Immerse yourself in the landscapes of Turner. 17 Never despise a sunset, the smell of wet earth or the enraged sea: embobate. 18 Volunteer according to your circumstances.


It seems that the new current will lead us to a mechanized and less human relationship. Little by little we will be moving away from our means and end that we confuse so many times and that is essential to every human being: to be happy.


There are as many roads as there are human beings, but remember we all have to be human. Let's not lose our essence because we will extinguish our existence. The great geniuses have come to her, each in her own way: Einstein: "If you want to live a happy life".


Go to the profile of ZHAO Hui
ZHAO Hui 2 days ago

A Perfect Case Scenario of An Analogue World Versus the Era of Digitalisation


Plastic pollution is not new in "the analogue world". However, plastic pollution in the digitalised era is not only new but also with a devastating consequence, almost to the point of no-return. E-commerce is
currently an global trend, with an impact never seen before, and on-line shopping is an exciting and new mode of living. As a leading country of e-commerce, China is producing unprecedented quantity of plastic waste, notably from the packing materials, daily. The problem is not just confined to a specific geographical location, but rather worldwide. Such a pollution seems unstoppable both in scale and depth due to its momentum built over past few decades. All the major players, countries, international organizations and the businesses alike should face this problem seriously before it is too late because of the very nature of global interdependency and connectivity in terms of eco-system. An earlier study estimated that there would be more plastic than fish in the oceans in 2050 (http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-35562253). Also, if unrestrained, microplastics would penetrate even deeper into our body (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microplastics). So, collective efforts  are called to deal with the problem, both on the policy making level and the pragmatic level. There is a twist that China was the largest plastic waste importer until last year and its ban on importing foreign plastic wastes  necessates a new outlet for waste disposal, after all, no business as usual any more. Therefore new approaches and strategies should be developed in handling the issue. 

No doubt, the oceans have already had enough as a dumping place!